Bauhaus artist and teacher Josef Albers was instrumental in bringing ideas of European Modernism to America. His 1963 book Interaction of Color provided one of the most comprehensive analysis of the function and perception of color to date. Albers is renowned for his compositions that explore the relationships of color through a single, simple form, usually the square. His series Homage to the Square, produced from 1949 until his death, used a single geometric shape to systematically explore the vast range of visual effects that could be achieved through color and spatial relationships alone.
Josef Albers in his studio, Orange, Connecticut, 1968-1969. Silver gelatin print. Courtesy the Josef and Anni Albers Foundation. Photograph by Sedat Pakay.